Dussehra: Victory of Good over Evil

Dussehra 2023


Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is one of the most vibrant and celebrated festivals in India. It symbolizes the triumphant victory of good over evil and is filled with history, mythology and cultural significance. In this article, we will explore the rich tapestry of Dussehra, its origins, traditions, regional variations and the timeless message it conveys to people across India and beyond.

Origin of Dussehra

Dussehra is celebrated on the tenth day of the month of Ashwin of the Hindu calendar, which usually falls in September or October. Its name is derived from two Sanskrit words: "dasha" meaning ten and "hara" meaning defeat. Therefore, Dussehra marks the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana, who had abducted Rama's wife Sita.

Ramayana epic

At the heart of Dussehra lies the epic story of Ramayana. According to this ancient Hindu text, Lord Rama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, set out on a heroic journey to rescue Sita from the clutches of Ravana. After a fierce battle that lasted for ten days, Rama defeated Ravana and ended his tyranny. Dussehra is celebrated to commemorate this victory of Dharma over Adharma (unrighteousness).

Symbol of Dussehra

Dussehra is not just a historical celebration but a symbolic representation of deep moral and ethical values:

1. Victory of good over evil: The main theme of Dussehra is the victory of good over evil. It reinforces the belief that righteousness and virtue will always prevail over malice and unrighteousness.

2. Internal Battle: Dussehra is not just about the external battle but also the internal battle. It encourages individuals to overcome their inner demons, evils and weaknesses, so that they can become better and nobler human beings.

3. Renewal and Purity: Dussehra symbolizes purification of the self, wherein people get rid of negative tendencies and purify their hearts and minds.

Regional variations and traditions

While the essence of Dussehra is the same across India, it is celebrated with unique regional flavor and customs. Here are some of the major regional variations:

1. Ramlila in North India: In the northern states of India, elaborate dramatic performances are organized which are known as Ramlila. These plays reenact scenes from the Ramayana and end with the burning of effigies of Ravana, Meghnad and Kumbhakarna, symbolizing Rama's victory.

2. Mysore Dussehra in Karnataka: In the southern state of Karnataka, Dussehra is celebrated with the grand Mysore Dussehra procession. The Mysore Palace is illuminated, and a grand parade featuring decorated elephants and various cultural performances takes place.

3. Durga Puja in West Bengal: In West Bengal, Dussehra coincides with Durga Puja, a grand celebration of the victory of Goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasura. Lavish decorations, idol processions and cultural programs are the hallmarks of this festival.

4. Bathukamma in Telangana: In Telangana, women celebrate Bathukamma, a floral festival that involves decorating with colorful flowers, dancing and singing. This is a unique way of celebrating Dussehra in the region.

5. Saraswati Puja in Gujarat: In Gujarat, Dussehra is celebrated as a day of reverence for Goddess Saraswati. It marks the beginning of the season of learning, with students seeking his blessings for their studies.

Modern Celebration of Dussehra

In contemporary times, Dussehra has evolved into a multifaceted festival that blends tradition with modernity. It has also become a time for social gatherings, cultural programs and spreading happiness. Here are some modern aspects of Dussehra celebrations:

1. Fairs and Carnivals: Dussehra often brings with it a flurry of fairs, carnivals and markets, offering a wide variety of entertainment, dining and shopping experiences for people of all ages.

2. Cultural Performances: Many cultural organizations and schools organize dance and musical performances showcasing the rich artistic heritage of India.

3. Community Service: Some people engage in community service and charity work on the occasion of Dussehra, promoting the values of goodwill and compassion.

4. Dussehra in the digital age: With the advent of the internet and social media, Dussehra celebrations have now spread into the digital realm. People exchange Dussehra wishes, share festive recipes and participate in cultural events online.

Dussehra in other parts of the world

Dussehra is not limited to India only. It is celebrated by Indian communities and people of Indian origin living across the world. Dussehra has special significance in countries like Nepal, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana. The cultural diversity and global reach of Dussehra has made it a truly international festival.

The Relevance of Dussehra Today

Dussehra is not just a historical remembrance but a living tradition with lessons that remain ever relevant. In a world filled with complexities and moral dilemmas, the festival offers timeless wisdom:

  1. Ethical Compass: Dussehra reminds us of the importance of following our ethical compass and standing up for what is right, even in the face of adversity.
  2. Inner Transformation: It encourages us to reflect on our own inner battles and strive for self-improvement, recognizing that personal growth is just as important as external victories.
  3. Unity in Diversity: The regional variations in Dussehra celebrations underscore India's cultural diversity and the harmony that emerges from respecting and appreciating these differences.


Dussehra is more than just a festival. It is a tapestry of history, mythology, culture, and values intricately woven together. It serves as a reminder that good shall always triumph over evil, and that righteousness and virtue are timeless and universal ideals. As we celebrate Dussehra year after year, we not only commemorate the victory of Lord Rama but also the enduring victory of humanity's collective spirit over the darker forces that challenge it. Dussehra inspires us to stand strong, confront our inner demons, and strive for a world filled with light, hope, and goodwill.

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